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Angkor Wat Temple

Angkor Wat (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត) was first a Hindu, then subsequently, a Buddhist temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world. The temple was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura (Khmer: យសោធរបុរៈ, present-day Angkor), the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum.

Breaking from the Shaivism tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vishnu. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious center since its foundation. The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia,[1] appearing on its national flag, and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors.

Angkor Wat combines two basic plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple mountain and the later galleried temple, based on early Dravidian Architecture, with key features such as the Jagati. It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology: within a moat and an outer wall 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next.

At the centre of the temple stands a quincunx of towers. Unlike most Angkorian temples, Angkor Wat is oriented to the west; scholars are divided as to the significance of this. The temple is admired for the grandeur and harmony of the architecture, its extensive bas-reliefs, and for the numerous devatas adorning its walls.

The modern name, Angkor Wat, means "Temple City" or "City of Temples" in Khmer; Angkor, meaning "city" or "capital city", is a vernacular form of the word nokor (នគរ), which comes from the Sanskrit word nagara (नगर).[2] Wat is the Khmer word for "temple grounds", derived from the Pali word "vatta" (वत्त).[3] Prior to this time the temple was known as Preah Pisnulok (Vara Vishnuloka in Sanskrit), after the posthumous title of its founder.

Angkor Thom City

Angkor Thom (Khmer: អង្គរធំ; literally: "Great City"), located in present day Cambodia, was the last and most enduring capital city of the Khmer empire. It was established in the late twelfth century by King Jayavarman VII. It covers an area of 9 km², within which are located several monuments from earlier eras as well as those established by Jayavarman and his successors. At the centre of the city is Jayavarman's state temple, the Bayon, with the other major sites clustered around the Victory Square immediately to the north.

Angkor Thom was established as the capital of Jayavarman VII's empire, and was the centre of his massive building programme. One inscription found in the city refers to Jayavarman as the groom and the city as his bride.[1]:121

Angkor Thom seems not to be the first Khmer capital on the site, however. Yasodharapura, dating from three centuries earlier, was centred slightly further northwest, and Angkor Thom overlapped parts of it. The most notable earlier temples within the city are the former state temple of Baphuon, and Phimeanakas, which was incorporated into the Royal Palace. The Khmers did not draw any clear distinctions between Angkor Thom and Yashodharapura: even in the fourteenth century an inscription used the earlier name.[1]:138 The name of Angkor Thom—great city—was in use from the 16th century.

Faces on Prasat Bayon

The last temple known to have been constructed in Angkor Thom was Mangalartha, which was dedicated in 1295. Thereafter the existing structures continued to be modified from time to time, but any new creations were in perishable materials and have not survived. In the following centuries Angkor Thom remained the capital of a kingdom in decline until it was abandoned some time prior to 1609, when an early western visitor wrote of an uninhabited city, "as fantastic as the Atlantis of Plato".[1]:140 It is believed to have sustained a population of 80,000–150,000 people.

Pub Street

In the evening in Siem Reap, Cambodia - once people have returned from the temples of Angkor, had a shower and freshened up - the attention switches over to ‘Pub Street’ and the pub street alleys in the Old Market Area.

Pub Street earned its name from the numerous pubs that line Street 8 and also contains various restaurants, boutiques and shops, but the main focus is certainly on filling up with some food and then hitting the cocktails. The action kicks off at around 17:00hrs once people have returned from the temples. The street is cordoned off to allow tourists to roam freely without the dangers of traffic, and the music begins to get louder as more and more people frequent the bars.

Many of the bars are open until midnight while a few are open until the early hours of the morning, which include ‘Angkor What?’, ‘Temple Club’ and ‘X-Bar’. Nearly every bar or restaurant here will offer happy hour beers for 50 cents and cheap cocktails, but it seems that it is happy hour every hour of every day so you can expect to pound a few brews for next to nothing, no matter when you get there. Pub Street is aimed directly at western tourists, so don’t go there expecting a genuine Cambodian experience.

Angkor Night Market

Angkor Night Market established in 2007, was thefirst night market to open in Cambodia. The market founders were careful not to create a tourist park. Instead of warehouse-liked setting as in often case, youwill find smoothly laid out huts built from natural materials and designedbeautifully in Khmer style. Over the years, we have 240 souvenirs shops whichsells traditional Cambodian made handicrafts from clothing’s, silk, paintingand photography's, jewelries, wood and stone carvings.

After a tiring shoppingyou can pamper yourselves with our original Dr. Fish massage, Body and Feetmassage, spa or relax at our two bars. The Island bar with its impressivebamboo tower and tiered lamp which you cannot see in any other bars here inSiem Reap, Cambodia or the secluded Brick House bar with its thatched roof andlarge bamboo furniture's blend a relaxed stylishness surrounded by a tropicalgarden. We also have a food court which offers Cambodian, Western, AsianCuisine, Cafe Puka Puka with its milk snow ice and try our many varieties ofshisha flavors at Shisha bar. Angkor Night Market, a place for you to shop& dine in a vibrant contemporary Khmer environment.